Ophthalmology is a medical specialty that deals with the structure, function and diseases of the eye. Ophthalmology investigates and treats refraction defects of the eye and diseases of the eyeball.  

Early detection of many eye diseases is of paramount importance: small corrections and medication can prevent symptoms from becoming more severe, which may result in more serious visual impairment or require more drastic intervention in the future.  


When should I contact an ophthalmologist?  


  • Visual impairment 
  • Red, inflamed eye 
  • Regular dry eyes or tearing 
  • Lesions in any part of the eye 
  • Regular headaches  
  • Squinting  
  • Age-related screening  
  • Driver aptitude test 


What happens during the ophthalmology examination? 

An eye examination does not cause pain, however the use of test devices emitting relatively bright light can prove uncomfortable for light-sensitive people. 

During the examination the patient's current visual acuity is assessed, regardless of the patient's complaints. The layers of the eye are thoroughly examined by the specialist using a biomicroscope (with a slit lamp).  In some cases further examinations may be required, as determined by the specialist, based on the results of the examination. The eye test will conclude with a discussion of the results obtained and, if necessary, what to do next. Should your treatment require the involvement of doctors from other fields of expertise, Dr. Rose Private Hospital will be happy to arrange this for you. Having all you need in one place saves you the bother of having to find other doctors working elsewhere. 

How should I prepare for the test?  

No special preparation is required for an ophthalmic examination. In some cases, pupil dilation may be required (e.g. following ophthalmic screening for those with high blood pressure or diabetes). In this case, the patient should not drive a vehicle for 3 hours after the test. 

Contact lens wearers are asked to arrive in glasses for testing and not to wear their lenses for at least 8 hours beforehand. Contact lenses may be worn once the test has been carried out. 

Patients who wear glasses are asked to bring both their distance and reading glasses with them to the examination, as applicable.