Anesthesiology is the branch of medicine that specializes in anesthesia. Its purpose is to make painful examinations, procedures and surgeries painless, or at least easier to tolerate.
In this form of anesthesia, the patient loses consciousness and the ability to feel pain due to the anesthetic and analgesic effects, given intravenously or by inhalation, delivered into the bloodstream. In many cases, it is also necessary to relax the patient's muscles, hence muscle relaxants may be administered. In this case, the respiratory muscles do not function either, so mechanical respiration is required during the operation. By the end of the surgery, the effect of the anesthetic disappears, and the patient's consciousness and breathing return automatically. General anesthesia can be used in surgical, otolaryngological, urological, plastic surgery, orthopedic and also gynecological operations.
Spinal anesthesia (spinal/epidural)
The anesthesiologist uses a thin needle to inject the anesthetic into the appropriate part of the spine so that the analgesic effect can be achieved by blocking the spinal nerve endings. In this case, the patient remains conscious throughout. During spinal anesthesia, complete anesthesia and immobility occur in the lower abdomen and lower extremities for 4-6 hours. It is mainly used in cesarean section, gynecological, orthopedic and urological surgeries.
Epidural analgesia is mainly used in obstetrics. During labor, we can continuously administer the analgesic through a thin cannula, the effect of which is not as strong as that of the spinal anesthetic.
The anesthesiologist injects the anesthetic, with the help of an ultrasound, through a thin needle around the nerve network that supplies the part of the body to be operated on, so that that part of the body can be anesthetized in isolation. Anesthesia can be supplemented with intravenous sedation so that the patient does not perceive any unpleasant movements or noises. It is mainly used in our orthopedic procedures.
Local (infiltration) anesthesia
This anesthetic effect acts directly on the sensory nerve ending and in its immediate vicinity. It can be used to remove superficial lesions in non-invasive surgical procedures. The patient remains awake throughout the surgery and anesthetic is given to the patient by the surgeon as an injection under the skin.
During the consultation, the anesthesiologist will thoroughly interview the patient about his or her past and present illnesses, the medication used, any previous surgeries, and any known drug sensitivity and allergies. This information is essential for selecting the optimal mode of anesthesia and for assessing and minimizing the risk of surgery and anesthesia. If necessary, depending on the surgical procedure and any existing diseases, additional specialist examinations may be arranged to achieve the best possible surgical outcome.
It is not necessary to arrive on an empty stomach for the examination. It is important that you bring all your previous medical records and a list of the medications you are currently taking.