Diabetology is a medical discipline dealing with the prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus and its associated complications.

Diabetes is a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism that is caused by a lack of a hormone called insulin produced by the pancreas, or by the body’s insensitivity to insulin (insulin resistance), or both. In the absence of sufficient insulin, the cells are unable to take up glucose, which raises blood sugar levels. Together, they cause the main symptoms.

In the case of diabetes, we distinguish

  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Prediabetes
  • Gestational diabetes

When should you see a diabetologist?

  • If you suspect you have diabetes: increased thirst, fatigue, blurred vision, weight loss, frequent urination, recurrent fungal infections, numbness or tingling in hands or feet, slow-healing wounds
  • A high blood sugar level has been confirmed by a lab test
  • Regular check-ups for pre-existing diabetes
  • High blood sugar has been confirmed during pregnancy
  • Recommended screening for anyone overweight, obese, or with high blood pressure or high cholesterol
  • Family history of diabetes
  • Currently, approximately 15% of the adult population in Hungary suffers from one of the glucose metabolism disorders listed above

What happens during a diabetes examination?

During the diabetes consultation, the diabetic specialist thoroughly interviews the patient about their existing complaints: lifestyle factors, eating habits and, as far as is necessary, the occurrence of diabetes in the family may all be covered. This process reviews the patient’s medical history including any recent findings, and assesses their current condition based on any additional examinations. This is followed by a thorough physical examination as well heart-rate measurement, blood pressure and blood glucose level from a finger-prick test. Based on the results obtained, further specialist examinations may be conducted to rule out any possible complications.

How should I prepare for the examination?

It is not necessary to arrive on an empty stomach for the test. It is important that you bring all your previous medical records and a list of the medications you are currently taking.