Dermatology is the branch of medicine that deals with the symptoms, pathology and cure of skin diseases. Because of the symptoms, dermatology often interacts with related professions such as internal medicine, allergology / immunology, pathology (histology), microbiology (bacteriology, virology, mycology), and specialized laboratory diagnostics.

The dermatologist’s responsibilities include treating conditions relating to the skin, nails, hair, oral mucosa and external genitalia, as well as a number of venereal diseases. An important area of ​​dermatology is the screening of skin cancer and the differentiation of benign (non-cancerous) skin conditions. Annual screening of moles is recommended even when they cause no complaint, as the timely detection of skin cancers - including the most serious type, malignant melanoma - can save lives.

When and with what symptoms should you see a dermatologist?

  • Annual skin examination for early detection of skin tumors
  • Change in the color, shape or size of a mole
  • Wounds that do not heal but otherwise cause no complaint (non-melanoma skin tumor)
  • In connection with acute and chronic dermatological diseases
  • For bacterial, viral, fungal infections
  • For nail problems (ingrown nails, nail fungus)
  • For itchy rashes with redness
  • In the case of a blistering rash
  • Allergic skin reaction, hives
  • For viral and hanging warts
  • In the case of spots, acne, rosacea to treat sebaceous disorders
  • For psoriasis, eczema, atopic dermatitis
  • In the case of skin changes in old age


What happens during a dermatological examination?

The examination begins with a review of the patient's medical history. The dermatologist will ask in detail about symptoms, previous illnesses and possibly family illnesses. The dermatologist will then examine the altered skin surface. If necessary, they can take a closer look at the epithelial tissue and dermis with a magnifying glass or an internally-lit magnifying device called a dermatoscope. The dermatologist may order a blood test or refer you to another department, for example internal medicine to rule out the involvement of other organs, or to surgery to remove any skin lesions.

How should you arrive for the test?

Please bring all the results and findings of your previous dermatological and other medical examinations (for example: histological findings, blood test results, allergy test results). Also, make a list of any ointments, creams and perfumes used. A general dermatological examination is painless, however certain aesthetic interventions, such as wart removal, can cause minimal discomfort.