Urology deals with the diagnostics and treatment of urinary tract and genital diseases. This specialty is also concerned with kidney disorders outside the field of internal medicine, diseases of the kidney tubules, the bladder, the urinary tract and the urethra. In case of men the treatment of testicles, epididymis, prostate and seminal vesicle disorders also belong to the domain of urology.
Andrology is a distinct sub-specialty of urology that studies the diseases of the male reproductive organs. It is also responsible for the surgical treatment and medication of sexual and fertility disorders.
Frequent urologic diseases are genitourinaly developmental disorders, benign and malignant prostate tumors, testicular cancer, bladder inflammation and tumor, incontinence, inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidney stones, etc.
During a urologic consultation, the urologist listens to the patient’s complaints, then proceeds to physical examination, and if necessary, instrumental examination and laboratory tests. These procedures are completely painless, only the examination of the prostate (by palpation through the rectum) might cause some discomfort.
Most urologic problems can be treated with medication, but in some cases surgical intervention might be more efficient.
Nowadays most urologic surgeries are performed with endoscopy -by introducing a fiber optic device through the urethra or skin – even those that used to be unimaginable to perform without opening the abdominal cavity before. Endoscopic surgeries are less stressful for the patient and heal quicker. We only perform open surgery if that is the only safe method applicable.
- Deration of foreskin cell adhesion
- Dorsal incision of the foreskin
- Undescended testicle repair (abdominal)
- Removal of testicles (castration, semi-castration)
- Testicle fastening
- Varicocele surgery
- Hydrocele surgery
- Endoscopic incision of the urethra
- Endoscopic incision of the urethra opening
- Bladder tumor removal through the urethra
- Incision of the kidney tubular through the urethra
- Bladder biopsy
- Bladder endoscopy
- Endoscopic removal of stones from the urinary tract
- Open surgical removal of stones from the urinary tract
- Laparoscopic ligation of internal spermatic vein
- Removal of epididymic cyst
- Penile prosthesis implant (without an implantation)
- Percutan stone removal from the kidney
- Prostate biopsy
- Ridged band slitting
- Sterilization for men (vasectomy)
- TURP - Transurethral resection of the prostate
- Ultrasound extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) for stones
- Renal cyst suction and sclerotization (ultrasound-guided)
- Laparoscopic removal of renal cyst
- Laparoscopic one sided removal of renal cyst
- Laparotomy one sided removal of renal cyst