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Cystitis – gynaecologist or urologist to the rescue?

“There are two sorts of cystitis, both affecting the urinary tract and markedly different from infections of the reproductive organs,” explains Dr. Gábor Rosta, urologist at Dr. Rose Private Hospital. “The common type of cystitis is caused by the cold, and the symptoms include frequent urination, with sharp pain at the end of urinating. The symptoms develop and subside rapidly.”

Should the condition persist for a few days, we are likely to have contracted bacterial infection. “The kidneys are responsible for maintaining the fine balance of some 300-500 bacteria. When pathogenic bacteria proliferate in the bladder, our system reacts with acute infection that makes micturition a painful business, often worsened by spasms in the lower abdomen. Naturally, the patient had better consult a urologist,” says Dr. Rosta.

The reason why most women seek advice from a gynaecologist is the proximity of the urinary tract and female reproductive organs. Sexually active women often think that they have contracted the condition from their partners. The difference, though, is palpable: the sure signs of vaginal infection are unpleasant itching and vaginal discharge, sometimes also followed by a pain in the lower abdomen, but never related to urinating.

Good to know

Effective traditional cure for cystitis is drinking plenty of water, because when diluted, urine contains less nutrients to feed bacteria. The recommended 1.5-2 litres a day is a rough estimate. Instead of measuring how much we drink, we are better off watching our urinating habits. A pair of adult kidneys should optimally produce 1.5 litres of urine a day. A full bladder discharges some 0.2 litres, so seven visits to the lavatory every day means that you drink enough and hydrate your body as recommended.